Novice founders dream of "dilution proof" shares, but no one usually craze enough to actually handicap them-self by doing that. For most Investors it would make such company uninvestable.
For added ability to control your company Founders can use "dual class shares" - google it
Investors usually get Preferred shares, or if seed investors then best is Convertible Equity- which is special type of equity that gets converted to preferred shares at a trigger event, usually a valued round. But can allow to receive investment without need of expensive valuation which can cost as much as ~$50,000 and have many more good features.
Investors would usually demand that Founders get common shares with 4 years vesting and set aside 20% of shares for employees. But I know of few tricks to lower both.
When you file for a company you need to be careful not to distribute shares until you know what you are doing because as soon as you do receiver will have 30 days to file 83b with IRS to get favorable tax treatment.
But do read books or better google terms and read blogs and forum posts, there is a lot of misinformation, just pay attention who is writing and where, get citation and cross reference if in doubt.